UNICEF and UNESCO full form
HI friends in a recent post we discuss what is ok full form and today we are going to talk about what is the full form of unicef and unesco to get more knowledge stick with the post until the end.
UNICEF full form
The UNICEF full form stands for United Nations Children’s Fund.
The full form of UNICEF in English is the United Nations International Children’s, Emergency Fund.
UNICEF is an organization. This organization found on 11 December 1946 by the United Nations General Assembly. World War II started on 1 December 1939, continued for 6 consecutive years and ended on 2 September 1945.
In this war, the economic condition of many countries of the world had deteriorated due to which poor and children could not get proper food.
This organization was established by Ludwick Rajchaman to provide food and health care to all these children. Headquarters of UNICEF are built in New York City, Geneva.
It has also been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965 for this work of UNICEF.
UNICEF is governed by an executive board consisting of 36 members who are select for three years by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. which are non-governmental organizations that help to promote the rights of children and money.
Each region that serves UNICEF is allocated several seats on the executive board, so all regions are represented.
UNICEF is in the United States of America, operating in at least 190 countries worldwide.
Its activities are distrubute by region and include Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, East Asia, and the Pacific, Eastern and Southern Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, West, and Central Africa. A regional office is located within each region
Function and objectives of UNICEF in the field of education
- Unicef is more focus on Child development
- Alter the health-related issues like HIV / AIDS
- And strongly react on opposition to child labor
- Child rights
- Protection of children from violence
- Against exploitation on children
- Against gender inequality
At present, UNICEF Organization Workers are working hard for the welfare of children in more than 190 countries around the world. UNICEF provides more than 3 billion vaccines every year for vaccination of newborns all over the world.
UNICEF is continuously working in the fight against HIV and AIDS in over 49 countries.
Objective of UNICEF
UNICEF, according to its mission statement, has been mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children’s rights, to help meet their basic needs, and to expand their opportunities to their full potential. We can see the activities of UNICEF in four broad areas.
UNICEF objective to end preventable deaths and developmental problems of children through healthcare, nutrition, water and sanitation programs.
UNICEF objective to protect children from violence, exploitation and abusive situations. Issues of concerns including child labor, child marriage, child army recruitment, child trafficking, female genital mutilation, landmines and sexual violence have to be eliminated.
UNICEF supports early education and gender equality including early childhood education, enhancing the quality of primary and secondary education, and ensuring equal access to education for boys and girls
UNICEF provides humanitarian assistance during crises and emergencies including saving and protecting the lives of the victims through both natural disasters such as tsunamis and man-made disasters.
History of UNICEF
UNICEF was created by the United Nations in 1946 to provide food, clothing and healthcare to children after World War II. UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations in 1953.
Although its name short to the United Nations Children’s Fund at that time, it is still called UNICEF.
UNICEF expanded the scope of its activities in the 1960s, including advocating for and including the rights of education, health care and nutrition to children.
It also awards the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965 for the work of UNICEF. UNICEF has expanded its scope in the struggle of women, especially mothers, in developing countries.
The UNICEF started its Woman in Development program in 1980. UNICEF started a new children’s health program in 1982 with a focus on development, oral rehydration therapy, breastfeeding advocacy and vaccination. In 1989, the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child which UNICEF uses as guidance for its programs.
UNESCO full form, History and Objective
UNESCO full form stands for United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation
- The full name of UNESCO is the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization.UNESCO establishes on 16 November 1945.
- The UNESCO is a unit or unit of the United Nations which aims to promote international peace, development, and relations with the help of education, culture and science communication this is the five function of UNESCO.
- UNESCO headquarters is in Paris.
- The UNESCO has a total of 195 member countries and has seven associate members and two observer countries. India UNESCO
- UNESCO has 21 national offices all over the world.
- At the time of the establishment of UNESCO on November 16, 1945, there were a total of 37 member countries.
- The first General Conference of UNESCO was 19 November 1946 to 10 December 1946.
- UNESCO celebrates a total of 40 International Days, including International Women’s Day on 8 March, World Press Freedom Day on 3 May, World Teachers’ Day on 5 October and International Day on 18 December.
- UNESCO has a general meeting every two years which includes all UNESCO member countries and observer countries. All countries have at least one vote for voting on any subject.
- UNESCO has included some old historical heritage in the world heritage. A total of 35 sites in India have been involving in the World Heritage Sites which include cultural and natural sites.
- The first UNESCO World Heritage Site is Galapagos Island in Ecuador.
- Italy has the highest number of 47 sites in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- The smallest historic World Heritage Site is the Holy Trinity Column of the Czech Republic.
The objective of UNESCO
- Natural Science
- Literacy program
- International cooperation
- Human rights protection
- Translation of world literature
- Teacher training program
- Freedom of newspapers
- Technical training program
- Securing World Heritage Sites
- Promotion of regional and cultural diversity
UNESCO offers awards for excellence in various fields. Currently, 22 UNESCO awards are present in the fields of education, science, culture, and peace. UNESCO has official relations with 322 international NGOs. UNESCO is always a pioneer in the field of educational research, poverty alleviation, reserve natural and historical sites, enhances cultural and social activities, etc.