Full form of ICDS and meaning, how did ICDS start, friends do you know what is the full form of ICDS if you do not have an answer, then today we are going to give complete information of ICDS in simple language. So friends ICDS full form and to know its full history, you read this post till the last.a recent post was IUPAC full form
Full form of ICDS
The full form of ICDS is “Integrated Child Development Services” Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) is a program sponsored by the Government of India, it is a primary social welfare scheme for children under 6 years of age and their mothers to deal with malnutrition and health problems. Let us go ahead and provide you a little more detail about it.
What is the purpose of ICDS?
The purpose of ICDS is Integrated Child Development Services. It is a popular flagship program of the government. For the all-round development of children in India, it aims to provide food, preschool education, basic healthcare such as immunization, health screening, and referral services to children below 6 years of age and their mothers.
It is an integrated package of services for the overall development of the child. The program was introduced in 1975, but was discontinued in 1978 and then reintroduced by the Tenth Five-Year Plan. The beneficiaries of this program include children from 0 to 6 years of age, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme is a popular flagship program of the Government providing supplementary nutrition, immunization and pre-school education to children. Launched in 1975, it is one of the largest programs in the world, providing integrated packages for the overall development of the child. ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented by the state governments and union territories. This scheme is universal in all the districts of the country.
Objectives of ICDS?
- ICDS works to improve the nutritional and health status of children under 6 years of age.
- Institutionalize essential services and strengthen structures at all levels.
- Ensure appropriate inter-regional response at all levels.
- Create a database and knowledge base for child development services.
- ICDS is also involved in organizing programs for the physical, social and psychological development of children.
- To reduce the rate of mortality, disease, child malnutrition, and school dropout.
- Improve the health of mothers and enable them to take care of the health and nutritional needs of their children through proper nutrition and health education.
When did Icds start?
Integrated Child Development Services was started on 2 October 1975. At present, this scheme is providing service to you throughout India. The ICDS Scheme is one of the lead projects of the Indian government and its one of the world’s biggest and one of a kind projects for child care and advancement of children’s.
It is, on the one hand, the foremost symbol of the nation’s commitment to its children and nursing mothers in response to the challenge of providing pre-school non-formal education and breaking the vicious cycle of malnutrition, deformity, low learning ability, and mortality.
The beneficiary is children in the age group of 0-6 years, pregnant women and lactating mothers are covered under the ICDS scheme.
Friends, the youth of the country has the largest share in the development and progress of any country.
It is only the youth group who, with hard work and dedication, works to take forward any country. To make this youth better, it is necessary to secure their childhood by the government.
If we talk about the young population in India, the number of children in the age group of 0-6 years is around 15.8 crores based on the 2011 census. In response to the challenge of breaking the malnutrition, morbidity, low learning ability and mortality rate in all these children, a scheme called Sarkar Dhwar ICDS has been launched for their children and nursing mothers.
For your information, let me tell you that ICDS was started on 2 October 1975. The name of this scheme was later changed to Anganwadi Service. The ICDS Scheme is one of the lead projects of the Indian government and its one of the world’s biggest and one of a kind projects for child care and advancement of children’s
Beneficiary covers children in the age group of 0-6 years, pregnant women and lactating mothers under the ICDS scheme. The scheme is mostly implemented through Anganwadi.
What are the four factors under ICDS?
- Health services
- Care and Nutrition Counseling
- Childhood Care, Education, and Development (ECCED)
- Community Mobilization Awareness, Advocacy and Information, Education and Communication
The ICDS team consists of Anganwadi Assistants, Anganwadi Workers, Supervisors, Child Development Project Officers (CDPOs) and District Program Officers (DPOs).
The Anganwadi worker, a woman selected from the local community, is a community-based frontline voluntary worker of the ICDS program. She is also an agent of social change, organizes community support for better care of young children, girls and women, today this scheme is reaching out to millions of children all over India.
In addition, medical officers, women health visitors (LHVs) and auxiliary nurse midwives and female health workers from nearby primary health centers (PHC) and health sub-centers form a team with ICDS workers to achieve convergence of various services Today, the work to be done by it in time is as follows to improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age group of 0-6 years, the proper psychologist of the child To lay the foundation for civil, physical and social development.
To reduce the incidence of mortality, malnutrition and school dropout.
To accomplish powerful coordination of strategy and usage among different divisions to advance child improvement.
To enhance the capacity of the mother to take care of the general health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.
How many services are under ICDS?
The ICDS scheme provides the following services –
- Basic Nutrition
- Referral services
- Health check-up
- Pre-school educational
- Nutrition and health education
These services are available at local ICDS centers, which are operated by Anganwadi workers. The community-based women are paid for their work. These women are assisted by medical officers, assistant nurse midwives (ANMs) and recognized social health workers (ASHAs) to provide immunization, postpartum and postpartum care. However, the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) supervises the ICDS scheme.
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme 6. is a government initiative for all-round development (health, nutrition, and education) of children below 6 years of age. It aims to reduce infant mortality, child malnutrition and provide pre-school education. PACS is working to improve the non-discriminatory access of mothers and children to these services, especially from socially excluded groups.
What is the Integrated Child Development Services Scheme?
For your information, let me tell you that the ICDS scheme, launched by the Government of India in the year 1975, is today one of the largest and most unique programs in the world for the development of childhood. It aims to provide nutritional support, health care, and pre-school education for children 6 (and for pregnant or lactating mothers) to reduce the incidence of death, malnutrition, and school dropout.
Under the ICDS scheme, children of 6 more pregnant or lactating mothers can access four main services –
Supplementary nutrition – Vitamin A pills, food grains and rice, and fortified food packages are available for children and mothers who are showing signs of malnutrition. Weight-for-age cards should be maintained for all children under six years of age – children under 3 years of age should be weighed once a month and children aged 3-6 years should be weighed quarterly needed.
Immunizations – Children should be given complete immunization against six preventable diseases: poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis, and measles. Pregnant women should receive vaccination against tetanus which reduces maternal and neonatal mortality.
Health check-ups – Various health services should be provided to children, including diarrhea, de-worming and the delivery of simple medicines (with weight and height monitoring, and vaccination). Postpartum and postpartum check-ups should be provided for pregnant women and new mothers.
Referral services – If, after health testing, children or mothers require therapy, they should be referred to a primary health center or sub-center. Severely malnourished children should be referred to nutritional rehabilitation centers (NRCs) and children with disabilities should be referred to specialists.
In addition, children aged 3–6 years must be able to use pre-school non-formal education under the ICDS. Women and adolescent girls (ages 15–45) should also be able to use nutrition and health education, helping them to take care of their own health, nutrition and development needs as well as their children and families To provide advice and support.
All these services should be available from a local ICDS (or Anganwadi) center, such as Anganwadi Workers Shanti. These people group based ladies are paid an honorarium for their work.
Whenever the Anganwadi worker is responsible for the operation of the Anganwadi center, it should be supported by medical officers, Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Accredited Social Health Activists (ASAH) to provide specialist support (such as vaccination, NTT-natal) postpartum care).
The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) has overall responsibility for monitoring the ICDS scheme.